• Filmmaking Post Advanced Filmmaking How to Shoot Macro Video of Wildlife
  • How to Shoot Macro Video of Wildlife

    Macro filmmaking is the art of taking video of very small things. Filmmakers that come from a photography background will quickly learn the basics if they’ve spent any time studying or shooting macro photographs; macro video is basically an extension of macro photography with only a few differences. The main difference is in light acquisition. You need a lot of light to take a macro photograph, with big strobes. It’s extremely difficult to get the same amount of light constantly on a small subject. You also have to be very steady. A photograph can be taken hand-held, but a video cannot.

    Purists will explain that you can’t shoot macro unless you’re able to reproduce the image 1:1. But thanks to new technology, the resolution of photographs and video are high enough to work around that.

    In our search for reference material, we found that the Internet is full of very bad information on how to shoot macro video. Few have summarized the best cameras and techniques for the job. That’s why I made this short tutorial on shooting macro video.

    Things to think about with macro video

    Depth of Field

    The first major obstacle in shooting macro video is that the depth of field becomes extremely small. For example, you may get only part of an insect’s eye in focus. While this can be a great effect, it may not be your intended result. The aim is to get the largest depth of field possible at a small scale. To keep the animal in focus you have to be creative with light and composition.

    How do you increase the depth of field? Decrease the aperture (the size of the opening in the lens) by increasing the f value as seen on your camera. For example, f22 is more desirable than f1.4. Small apertures mean you’re shooting through a pinhole. This increases the depth of field but means you’ll need a lot of light!

    mantid

    Lighting

    Light is extremely important in macro video work when you’re trying to get the largest depth of field.

    • Amount of light: The subject should have as much light as possible on it. It’s not always possible to get the maximum intensity. We did a shoot once on tiny, endangered snails that couldn’t be exposed to the heat produced by intense halogen light. We had to get creative with that shoot by changing our light type to a cooler LED.
    • Type of light: While many shots might demand direct, contrasty light, we like diffuse lighting. A great way to get diffuse lighting is to construct a paper cone around your subject and direct the light evenly toward the paper. Doing this will decrease the glare that shiny objects might reflect.
    • Direction of light: Macro video is taken extremely close to the subject, so much so that the camera may get in the way of the incoming light. To get around this we suggest using a ring of LED lights around the lens.

    ringlight

    Composition

    The composition of your macro video is extremely important when you are working against your shallow focus and trying to angle the animal to maximize the area in focus. For example, you might choose to shoot a snail as it’s crawling perpendicular to the camera. so that it always remains in focus. If it was crawling toward you, chances are that only part of the snail would be in focus at any given time.

    Backgrounds

    For the most part when you shoot macro video, the background will be blurred. However, the color of your background will be seen, so try to choose a color that offsets or compliments the color of your composition.

    Using a Tripod

    While it isn’t necessary to use a tripod when you’re doing macro-photography stills, you will need a tripod for video to stabilize your shot and make it look professional.

    Focus

    Most of the time, you should focus on the eyes of the organism, because the eyes are what humans tend to look at first when we look at an animal. When you’re shooting flowers, you’ll probably want the center of the flower in focus, but then again, it all depends on what you’re highlighting.

    Finding a Camera

    By the time you read this, these camera choices may already be outdated. However, we present a few to help you get started in your research. Often, camera companies pride themselves on particular line of camera models that shoots great macro (like COOLPIX).

    Point and Shoot Cameras

    There are several cameras on the market that shoot great macro photographs and HD video. The quality of the macro video on many of these models is mind-blowing, considering what you needed 10 years ago for the same shots. These include the Nikon Coolpix line, the Panasonic Lumix DMC-LX3 and FZ38 with Raynox lenses, the Canon SX20is with Raynox lenses, and believe it or not a modified gopro.

    GoPro Macro Hack

    Gopros are great action cameras, but almost nobody would think that the gopro is good for shooting macro video. However, the last time I visited GoPro headquarters in San Mateo, they told me that you can hack the camera and make an impressive macro camera. Since they can’t tell people how to do it, I went ahead and made the tutorial myself. Here is how to do it.

     

    DSLR Cameras

    A digital SLR camera with a great macro lens is another option to consider. For Canon users, these are our favorite three lenses

    • 180 mm macro
    • 100 mm macro
    • 65 mm MP-E

    Alternatively, you can add an extension tube, which essentially halves the focal distance and doubles the size of your image. The downside, though, is that it decreases the depth of field.

    Extra lenses

    There are lots of great cameras that can take macro video if you get a macro lens adapter. The Raynox DCR-250, for example, can be added to many cameras.

    salamander

    Written by Rob Nelson

    Rob is an ecologist from the University of Hawaii. He is also an award winning filmmaker. As principle director of the Untamed Science productions his goal is to create videos and content that are both entertaining and educational. When he's not making science content, he races slalom kayaks and skydives.

    You can follow Rob Nelson
    Comments

    2 thoughts on “How to Shoot Macro Video of Wildlife

    1. Keith says:

      Your lighting setup – with the flexible arms – looks fantastic! I would love to create one. Could you please tell me what the components are…Thank you

    2. Joseph says:

      The large light is an LD-160 from Lightdow. I can’t tell what the small one is. the arms are just flash goosenecks, you can choose from many.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    74 − = 66