• Felidae
  • Family Felidae

    An overview of the great cats

    Cats in the family Felidae are almost exclusively predators on mammals and birds (although some, like the Asian flat-headed cat and fishing cat, will eat fish, frogs, and mollusks). Most of these cats are also nocturnal predators, stalking their prey or pouncing from an ambush. These cats have fascinated humans for centuries. They are elusive and rarely seen. Yet, while humans may be intrigued by these predators, they are also the cause of their demise. Large cats are endangered all over the world from poaching and habitat loss.

    The Largest and Smallest Cats

    The largest cats are the Siberian Tigers, which can reach almost 700 pounds. The smallest are the black-footed cats of Africa, which are only about four pounds.

    Classification

    The following is a list of extant species in the family Felidae. This classification scheme represents traditional phylogeny. Modern genetic studies have grouped several genera together. However, that taxonomic scheme is not represented here.

    Genus Felis

    • Chinese Mountain Cat
    • Domestic Cat
    • Jungle Cat
    • Sand Cat
    • Black-footed Cat
    • Wild Cat

    Genus Otocolobus

    Genus Prionailurus

    • Leopard Cat
    • Iriomote Cat
    • Flat-headed Cat
    • Rusty-spotted Cat
    • Fishing Cat

    Genus Acinonyx

    • Cheetah

    Genus Puma

    • Cougar
    • Jaguarundi
    • Genus Lynx
    • Canadian Lynx
    • Eurasian Lynx
    • Iberian Lynx
    • Bobcat

    Genus Leopardus

    • Pantanal Cat
    • Colocolo
    • Geoffroy’s Cat
    • Kodkod
    • Andean Mountain Cat
    • Pampas Cat
    • Ocelot
    • Oncilla
    • Margay

    Genus Leptailurus

    • Serval

    Genus Caracal

    • Caracal

    Genus Profelis

    • African Golden Cat

    Genus Catopuma

    • Bay Cat
    • Asian Golden Cat

    Genus Pardofelis

    • Marbled Cat

    Genus Neofelis

    • Clouded Leopard
    • Bornean Clouded Leopard

    Genus Panthera

    • Lion
    • Jaguar
    • Leopard
    • Tiger
    • Genus Uncia
    • Snow Leopard

    Species listed under Felidae